UNFINISHED REVOLUTIONS: CONSTITUTIONAL PASTS AND FUTURES IN IRELAND AND MEXICO

Tom Gerald Daly

Resumo


In 2016 and 2017 two seemingly unrelated states celebrated centenaries of nation-defining revolutions. Mexico marked the centenary of the 1917 Constitution, which gave formal expression to the demands of the Mexican Revolution that began in 1910. Ireland commemorated 1916, the date of the Easter Rising; a rebellion against rule by the British Empire which led ultimately to independence. This article examines how both Ireland’s and Mexico’s constitutional histories for the past century relate to two ‘unfinished revolutions’, in which the hopes and aspirations of the initial revolutions in each state have been only partially realised. In doing so, the article recognises the significant constitutional progress that has been achieved in each state, but also the challenges faced and remaining deficiencies in meeting the aspirations of each revolution, as well as growing threats in the current febrile international climate. Although the constitutional story of each state evidently features a dizzying array of actors, the article places particular focus on the role of courts – especially supreme courts and international human rights courts – in helping or hindering positive transformation in each state.

Palavras-chave


Mexico; Ireland; Revolution; Constitutionalism; Comparative constitutional law.

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referências


ÁVILA, A. A. Suárez. The Mexican Supreme Court as a Protector of Human Rights. Mexican Law Review, v. 4, n. 2, 2011.

AYALA, C. The judicial dialogue between international and national courts in the Inter-American human rights system. In: SCHEININ, M.; AKSENOVA, M. (Eds). Judges as Guardians of Constitutionalism and Human Rights. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016.

BACIK, Ivana. Free Speech, the Common Good and the Rights Debate. 2003. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 16 dez. 2018.

BACIK, Ivana. Kicking and screaming: Dragging Ireland into the 21st century. O'Brien Press, 2004.

BIAGI, F. The Constitutional Courts as the Guardians of “Substantive” Transitions: The Cases of Italy, Spain and the Czech Republic”. 2010. VIII World Congress of the International Association of Constitutional Law. Cidade do México, 6 a 10 de dezembro de 2010.

BOHON, R. Part I: Mexican Democracy: A Divergent Road. IACL-AIDC Blog, 30 jul. 2018 (2018a). Disponível em: . Acesso em: 16 dez. 2018.

BOHON, R. Part II: Mexican Democracy: A Divergent Road. IACL-AIDC Blog, 03 ago. 2018. Disponível em: < https://blog-iacl-aidc.org/blog/2018/8/3/part-ii-mexican-democracy-a-divergent-road>. Acesso em: 16 dez. 2018.

CASTILLEJOS-ARAGÓN, M. The Transformation of the Mexican Supreme Court into an Arena for Political Contestation. In: KAPISZEWSKI, D.; SILVERSTEIN, G.; KAGAN, R.A. (Eds). Consequential Courts: Judicial Roles in Global Perspective. Cambridge University Press, 2013.

COLLINGS, J. Democracy's Guardians: A History of the German Federal Constitutional Court, 1951-2001. Oxford University Press, 2015.

COOGAN, Tim Pat. De Valera, long fellow, long shadow. Hutchinson, 1993.

CORON, JF Báez. Jurisprudencia de contrarreforma (CT: 293/2011): The Case 293/2011 vs the Human Rights. (2014) 15 Revista de la Faculdad de Derecho y Ciencias Sociales, n. 15, 2014.

DALY, T. G. The Alchemists: Questioning Our Faith in Courts as Democracy-builders. Cambridge University Press, 2017.

DALY, T. G. Strengthening Irish Democracy: A Proposal to Restore Free Speech to Article 40.6. 1 (I) of the Constitution. Dublin ULJ, v. 31, p. 228, 2009.

DALY, T. G. Brazilian Supremocracy and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights: Unpicking an Unclear Relationship. In: Fortes, P. et al. (Eds). Law and Policy in Latin America: Transforming Courts, Institutions, and Rights. Palgrave Macmillan, 2017 (2017a).

DALY, T. G. Enough Complacency: Fighting Democratic Decay in 2017. International Journal of Constitutional Law. Blog 11 jan. 2017 (2017b). Disponível em: < http://www.iconnectblog.com/2017/01/enough-complacency-fighting-democratic-decay-in-2017-i-connect-column/>. Acesso em: 16 dez. 2018.

DAVIES, Norman. Vanished kingdoms: The history of half-forgotten Europe. UK: Penguin, 2011.

DÉLANO, Alexandra. Mexico and its Diaspora in the United States: Policies of Emigration since 1848. Cambridge University Press, 2011.

FANNING, Tim. Paisanos: The Forgotten Irish Who Changed the Face of Latin America. Gill & Macmillan Ltd, 2016.

FANNING, Ronan. A Will to Power. Éamon de Valera. 2015.

FASONE, C. The Supreme Court of Ireland and the Use of Foreign Precedents: The Value of Constitutional History. In: GROPPI, T; PONTHEREAU, M.C. (Eds). The Use of Foreign Precedents by Constitutional Judges. Hart Publishing, 2013.

FERRITER, D. High Treason in the park: Douglas Hyde’s presidency. Irish Times, 4 fev. 2017. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 16 dez. 2018.

GIMÉNEZ, Francisca Pou. Constitutional Change and the Supreme Court Institutional Architecture: Decisional indeterminacy as an obstacle to legitimacy. In: Castagnola, Andrea; López-Noriega, Saúl (Eds). Judicial Politics in Mexico: The Supreme Court and the Transition to Democracy. New York: Routledge, 2017, p. 117-146

GIMÉNEZ, Francisca Pou. Changing the Channel: Broadcasting Deliberations in the Mexican Supreme Court. In: DAVID, R.; TARAS, D. (Eds). Justices and Journalists: The Global Perspective. Cambridge University Press, 2017.

GIMÉNEZ, Francisca Pou. Constitutionalism old, new and unbound: the case of Mexico. In: Constitutionalism in the Americas. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018.

GONZÁLEZ-SALZBERG, D. A. Complying (Partially) with the Compulsory Judgments of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. In: Fortes, P. et al. (Eds). Law and Policy in Latin America: Transforming Courts, Institutions, and Rights. Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

GUIDER, I. Budget 2017: The Brexit-shaped hole in the budget. The Business Post, 16 out. 2016. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 16 dez. 2018.

HIRSCHL, R. Towards Juristocracy: The Origins and Consequences of the New Constitutionalism. Harvard University Press, 2004.

IRISH CENTRAL. Numbers in Ireland’s Catholic Church continue to drop - stigma attached to attending Mass. 27 mar. 2013. Disponível em: < https://www.irishcentral.com/news/numbers-in-irelands-catholic-church-continue-to-drop-stigma-attached-to-attending-mass-200315991-237575781>. Acesso em: 16 dez. 2018.

IRISH EXAMINER. Fianna Fáil making ground on Fine Gael, latest poll shows. 21 out. 2018. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 16 dez. 2018.

KEANE, R. Judges as Lawmakers: The Irish Experience. Judicial Studies Institute Journal, v. 2, n. 1, 2004.

KELLER, Renata. U.S.-Mexican Relations from Independence to the Present. Oxford Encyclopedia of American History, 2016.

KEOHANE, Leo. Captain Jack White: Imperialism, anarchism and the irish citizen army. Merrion Press, 2014.

KEOGH, Dermot; MCCARTHY, Andrew. The Making of the Irish Constitution 1937: Bunreacht na hÉireann. Mercier PressLtd, 2007.

LEMAITRE, Julieta. By reason alone: Catholicism, constitutions, and sex in the Americas. International Journal of Constitutional Law, v. 10, n. 2, p. 493-511, 2012.

LOCK, T; DALY, T. G. Brexit and the British Bill of Rights. Fevereiro de 2017. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 16 dez. 2018.

LONDRAS, F. de. The HRC’s Decision on Ireland’s Abortion Law: Is a Referendum Now Required? Human Rights in Ireland, 9 jun. 2016.

MAC CORMAIC, R. The Irish Constitution. UK: Penguin UK, 2016.

MCDONALD, H. US Christians ‘bankrolling’ no campaign in Ireland’s gay marriage referendum. The Guardian, 16 maio 2015. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 16 dez. 2018.

MACGREGOR, E Ferrer; GIL, R Sánchez. Mexico: Struggling for an Open View in Constitutional Adjudication. In: GROPPI, T.; PONTHEREAU, M. C. (Eds). The Use of Foreign Precedents by Constitutional Judges. Hart Publishing, 2013.

MURRAY, Thomas. Socio-Economic Rights versus Social Revolution? Constitution Making in Germany, Mexico and Ireland, 1917-1923. Social & Legal Studies, v. 24, n. 4, p. 487-508, 2015.

MURRAY, Thomas. Contesting Economic and Social Rights in Ireland: Constitution, State and Society, 1848–2016. Cambridge University Press, 2016.

MURRAY, Thomas. Credit and Constitution-Making, Irish Style: An inquiry into the role of the credit system in the making of the 1937 Constitution’s economic provisions. Working Papers in History and Policy n. 5, 2012, School of History and Archives University College Dublin.

MURCHADHA, Ciarán Ó. The Great Famine: Ireland's Agony 1845-1852. A&C Black, 2011.

O'BRIEN, B. Asking questions about funding for referendum campaign. Irish Times, 9 maio 2015. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 16 dez. 2018.

O'DAY, Alan. Irish home rule, 1867-1921. Manchester University Press, 1998.

O’DELL, E. The Irish Supreme Court begins to enter the television age. Cearta.ie: The Irish for Rights (blog), 24 out. 2017. Disponível em: . Acesso em 16 dez. 2018.

O’DONNELL, K. Thoughts on a New Ireland: Oral History and the Magdalene Laundries. Human Rights in Ireland, 22 August 2011. Disponível em: .

O’MALLEY, E. Fianna Fáil as Ireland’s ‘natural governing’ party’. Irish Politics Forum, 10 jan. 2017. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 16 dez. 2018.

O’TOOLE, F. The smearing of Maurice McCabe. Irish Times, 11 fev. 2017. Disponível em: . Acessoem: 16 dez. 2018.

PARKER, E. Mexico. Evans Brothers, 2004.

PORTILLA, M León. The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico. Beacon Press, 2006.

QUINN, Katie. Jury trial in Republic of Ireland. Revue internationale de droit pénal, v. 72, n. 1, p. 197-214, 2001.

RYAN, Órla. No election in 2019 as confidence and supply agreement to continue for a year. The Journal, 12 dez. 2018. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 16 dez. 2018.

SHAPIRO, Martin; SWEET, Alec Stone. On law, politics, and judicialization. Oxford University Press, 2002.

SMITH, P.H. Mexican Democracy in Comparative Perspective. In: CAMP, Roderic Ai (Ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Mexican Politics. Oxford University Press, 2012.

STURGESS, Garry; CHUBB, Philip. Judging the world: law and politics in the world's leading courts. Butterworth-Heinemann, 1988.

TATE, N.; VALLINDER, T. The Global Expansion of Judicial Power. New York: New York University Press, 1995.

TOWEY, Thomas. Hugh Kennedy and the constitutional development of the Irish Free State, 1922-1923. Irish Jurist (1966-), v. 12, n. 2, p. 355-370, 1977.

VARGAS, Jorge A. The Rebirth of the Supreme Court of Mexico: An Appraisal of President Zedillo’s Judicial Reform of 1995 (1996). Am. UJ Int'l L. & Pol'y, v. 11, p. 295.

WHYTE, Gerry; HOGAN, Gerard. JM Kelly: The Irish Constitution. Dublin: LexisNexis Butterworths, 2004.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21783/rei.v4i2.316

Métricas do artigo

Carregando Métricas ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.




Direitos autorais 2018 Tom Gerald Daly

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

Indexadores:

                                               

      

Bases de dados e diretórios

                                                               

 

 

  

Desenvolvido por:

Logomarca da Lepidus Tecnologia