REVOLUÇÃO TECNOLÓGICA, CRISE DA DEMOCRACIA E MUDANÇA CLIMÁTICA: LIMITES DO DIREITO NUM MUNDO EM TRANSFORMAÇÃO

Luís Roberto Barroso

Resumo


O Direito é uma instituição universal, que tem pretensões de ubiquidade e completude. No entanto, em um mundo complexo, plural e volátil, seus limites e possibilidades são abalados pela velocidade, profundidade e extensão das transformações em curso, bem como pelos dilemas éticos que delas decorrem e pelas dificuldades de se formarem consensos no universo da política. O presente artigo traz uma reflexão sobre o modo como o Direito tem procurado lidar com algumas das principais aflições do nosso tempo, diante de demandas que incluem a necessidade de (i) manter a revolução tecnológica numa trilha ética e humanista, (ii) impedir que a democracia se perverta em aventuras populistas e autoritárias e (iii) evitar que as reações à mudança climática só venham quando já seja tarde demais. Numa época em que até o futuro próximo se tornou imprevisível, o Direito não consegue fornecer soluções a priori para problemas e angústias que se multiplicam. Quando isso ocorre, é preciso definir objetivos claros para o futuro da humanidade e fundá-los nos valores essenciais e perenes que vêm desde a antiguidade.

Palavras-chave


Revolução tecnológica; Crise da democracia; Mudança climática; Limites do Direito.

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21783/rei.v5i3.429

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